Root canal therapy refers to a treatment to repair and save badly infected or damaged teeth.
It is an endodontic treatment. Endodontic treatment is a term used to refer to treatments treating the inside of the tooth. During a root canal procedure, the damaged or infected pulp is removed. The inside of the tooth is then cleaned and disinfected. After disinfection, the tooth is filled and then sealed. Root canal therapy comes from the cleaning of the canals found inside the roots of the teeth.
Does the pulp have to be removed?
If the infected pulp is left in the tooth, it will break down and bacteria start multiplying in the tooth. The bacteria can quickly cause an infection. An infection in the tooth is known to cause;
- Swelling which can spread to the neck or face
- Bone loss around the tooth’s root tip
Step by step through the root canal procedure
A root canal is done in three steps;
The first step is cleaning the tooth done under local anesthesia. Through a small access hole on the surface, the dentist removes the dead pulp. Since the nerve tissue has been removed, the tooth is dead, and the patient cannot experience pain.
The second step is filling the root canal. After the inside of the tooth is clean and disinfected, the dentist fills the void using a rubber-like material, and with an adhesive cement, he seals the canals completely.
Adding a crown. After removing the pulp, the tooth becomes very fragile. The dentist will advise you to have a crown over the tooth to offer protection.
Saving the natural tooth with root canal has its advantages such as maintaining the natural look. However, to avoid complications contact a credible dentist to conduct the procedure.