Sometimes, a tooth becomes badly damaged from trauma or significant decay. When this happens, it is best to have the tooth removed entirely to prevent future pain and infection. Serious tooth decay that has spread too deep for a root canal to remove may also require a tooth extraction. Additionally, a tooth extraction may be recommended if you have a particularly crowded mouth and are preparing for orthodontics.
The procedure is performed under local anesthesia to prevent discomfort. Once removed, the patient must follow important after-care instructions to promote healing, such as limiting activity for a day or two.
Bone grafting is an increasingly common dental procedure performed following tooth extraction to help preserve the jaw bone for future dental implants. Sufficient jawbone is necessary after extraction to place predictable dental implants.
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
Platelet Rich Plasma, or PRP, is used at dental offices to help patients recover from post-operative pain and promote faster healing. Platelets are small parts of your blood that typically help with clotting. They also contain high levels of protein that promote healing. PRP is a preparation of your blood that has gone through a process to increase the concentration of platelets. When reintroduced to your extraction site, the extra platelets may help with surgical recovery. In dentistry, PRP may help promote healing after procedures such as tooth extraction, and bone grafting.